A Comprehensive Biography of Jawaharlal Nehru – The First Prime Minister of India

History and introduction to Pandit Jawaharlal Naehru. Jawaharlal Naehru Biography History 


Life Introduction and History of Pandit Jawaharlal Naehru, Achievements (Jawaharlal Niehru Biography (Jivani), history written )


Children’s Day is the birthday of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. He was the first Prime Minister in independent India. Children used to call him Chacha Nehru. We can learn so much from Nehru Ji’s life if we take the time to read it. Nehru Ji was a great freedom fighter. Nehru Ji helped Mahatma Gandhi liberate the country. Mahatma Gandhi regarded Nehru Ji as a disciple and his favourite, indicating that Nehru ji was hungry for patriotism. Nehru Ji is widely considered the architect of modern India.


Biography of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru


Jawaharlal Naehru: Family introduction and life


Full NamePandit Jawaharlal Nehru
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru Date of Birth14 November 1889
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru Birth PlaceAllahabad, Uttar Pradesh
Father’s NameMotilal Nehru
Mother’s NameSwarooprani Nehru
WifeKamala Nehru (1916)
childrenIndira Gandhi
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru Death Date27 May 1964, New Delhi


Jawaharlal Naehru was the first Prime Minster of independent India. His father was a well-known social worker and barrister. Nehru Ji was the only child of a wealthy family. He also had three siblings in his family. Nehru ji was of Saraswat Brahmin descent from Kashmir. Nehru Ji received his education at prestigious colleges and schools in India and abroad. Harrow was his primary school and Trinity College London was his law school. He graduated from Cambridge University in law. He stayed in England for seven years and learned about Fabian socialism as well as Irish nationalism.


He loved Gulab Ka Phool, which he kept in his sherwani. He loved children so children would call him Uncle Nehru. His birthday is celebrated on the 14th of November as Children’s Day. Nehru Ji was also known as the author of “Discovery of India”.


Nehru ji had a daughter Indira Gandhi. Indira Gandhi considered Nehru her father and learned about the politics of India from him. Since childhood, he had been closely involved in the country’s struggle for freedom. She had a lot love for her country because of this. Indira Gandhi ji was the first woman Prime Minister in an independent country. Indira Ji’s greatest contribution was to India’s progress and strengthening.


Jawaharlal Naehru’s political journey and achievements (Political life history).


Nehru ji returned to India in 1912 and became a barrister at the Allahabad High Court. Nehru ji wed Kamla in 1916. He joined the Home-Rule-League in 1917. Nehru Ji came into contact with Gandhi in 1919. His thoughts influenced Nehru Ji a lot. He also gained political knowledge under Gandhi ji. This was when Nehru Ji entered Indian politics for his first time. He had been so close to him. Gandhi ji was the one who had managed the front against Rowlatt Act in 1919. Gandhi ji’s civil disobedience movement greatly influenced Nehru Ji. His family, along with Nehru Ji, also followed Gandhiji. Motilal Nehru, a wealthy man, renounced all his wealth and adopted the Khadi environment. Nehru was an active participant in Gandhiji’s ‘non cooperation movement’ between 1920 and 22. Nehru Ji was sent to prison for the first time at this point. He was elected president of the Allahabad Municipal Corporation in 1924. In 1926, he resigned. Till 1926-28, Nehru became the General Secretary of “All-India-Congress”. Gandhi ji was able to see Nehru, a great leader for India.

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The annual session of Congress was established in 1928-1929 under the leadership of Motilal Nehru. In this session, two groups were formed. The first was Nehruji and Subhash Chaudra Bose who supported complete independence. The second group included Motilal Nehru along with other leaders and demanded a sovereign country under the government. Gandhiji was able to find a middle ground between the two competing proposals. He stated that Britain would be allowed to give India statehood within two years, or else the Congress would start a national war. The government didn’t give a proper answer. The annual session of Congress, held under Nehru’s chairmanship, was held in Lahore in December 1929. All present unanimously approved a resolution calling for ‘Purna Swami’. Nehruji raised the flag of independent India in Lahore on 26 January 1930. Gandhiji made a loud call in 1930 for the ‘Civil Disobedience Movement,’ which was so successful, that the British government had no choice but to bow to it.


The resolution of the India Act was passed by the British Government in 1935. In that year, the Congress decided to contest the election. Nehru supported the party and stayed out of the elections. Congress created government in all states and won the majority of the seats. Nehru was elected president of Congress between 1936 and 1937. Nehru was taken prisoner in 1942 during the Quit India movement, which was led by Gandhiji. He was released from jail in 1945. Nehru Ji played a key role in negotiations with the government at the time of the 1947 independence of India and Pakistan.

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Election of the country’s first prime minister


Elections were held to determine the Prime Minister’s claim at the Congress. At the time of India’s independence, 1947, Sardar Vallabhbhai Ptel and Acharya Criplani received the most votes. Jawaharlal Naehru, Gandhiji’s request, was elected the first Prime Minister for India. Nehru was elected Prime Minister of India three more times.


Nehru Ji was responsible for building a strong nation, by leading it in the right direction and leading it. Nehru ji also contributed greatly to making India economically secure. He laid the foundation for modern India’s dream. He founded the non-aligned movement for peace and organization. Despite his efforts, he was unable to establish friendly relations between Pakistan and China.


Jawaharlal Naehru was awarded the Jawaharlal-Nehru Awards.


1955 saw Nehru Ji receive the highest honour in India, ‘Bharat Ratna’.


When and how did Jawaharlal Nehru die (Jawaharlal Nehru Death)-


Nehru Ji always attempted to improve relations between Pakistan and China. Nehru Ji believed that we should be kind to our neighbours. However, China attacked India in 1962, which caused a great deal of pain for Nehru ji. Good relations with Pakistan were impossible due to the Kashmir issue.


Nehru Ji died of a heart attack on May 27, 1964. India suffered a huge loss when he died.


He is remembered today as a great leader, freedom fighter and hero of the country. In his memory, many roads and schemes were created. Jawaharlal Nehru School, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Jawaharlal Nehru Cancer Hospital etc. In his honour, they were founded.




Q- When and where was Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru born?

Ans- Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14 November 1889 in Prayagraj.


Q- When did Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru die?


Ans- Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru died on 27 May 1964.


Q- Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the Prime Minister of which number?


Ans- Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of the country.


Q- What did Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru like?


Ans- Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru loved to read.


Q- What was the specialty of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru?


Ans- The specialty of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was that he used to like spending time with children.

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